Corrections facilities include prisons and jails. Prisons are state or federal housing facilities that confine convicted felons typically sentenced one year or more. They may or may not be multi-facility campuses. Jails, on the other hands, are administered by local police or sheriff's departments. Their convicted inmates and those awaiting trial typically have shorter sentences — usually for 1 year or less.
Undoubtedly, the profession by its very nature, presents challenges to its workforce physically and mentally. Insufficient staffing, limited budgets, and inmate overcrowding have taken a heavy toll on the correctional workforce. Despite these concerns, administrators must run secure facilities that keep the incarcerated and their workforce safe.